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Lung health: Daily consumption of fruits, vegetables can lower COPD risk in smokers

Supporting the universal idea of upholding fruits and veggies due to their health-promoting properties, a new research suggests that a diet rich in fruit and green leafy vegetables can be beneficial for your lung health.

 

Lung health: Daily consumption of fruits, vegetables can lower COPD risk in smokers

New Delhi: Daily consumption of fruits and vegetables is essential for good health and well-being. Nutrients in fruits and vegetables, such as dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals, including polyphenols, all support bodily function as well as help in preventing various diseases.

Supporting the universal idea of upholding fruits and veggies due to their health-promoting properties, a new research suggests that a diet rich in fruit and green leafy vegetables can be beneficial for your lung health.

As per the new study, eating five or more daily servings of a diet rich in fruit such as apples or pears and green leafy vegetables can significantly reduce the chances of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in both former and current smokers.

 

Smoking is the primary risk factor for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which is set to become the third leading cause of death worldwide, according to World Health Organisation.

The research found that people who ate five or more portions of fruit and vegetables every day were, respectively, 40 per cent and 34 per cent, less likely to develop COPD.

Each additional serving was associated with a four per cent lower risk of COPD in former smokers and an eight per cent lower risk in current smokers.

As oxidative tissue stress and inflammation may be involved in COPD development, and smoking is a potent trigger of these processes, the antioxidants abundant in fruit and vegetables may curb their impact, suggest the researchers," Joanna Kaluza from Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland.

On the other hand, both current and former smokers eating fewer than two daily portions were, respectively, 13.5 times and six times more likely to develop COPD.

While apples, pears, green leafy vegetables and peppers seemed to exert the strongest influence and depress the risk, no such associations were found of eating berry fruits, bananas, citrus fruits, cruciferous and root vegetables, tomatoes, onions, garlic or green peas, Kaluza added.

COPD is a respiratory condition that narrows the airways, which include bronchitis and emphysema.

For the study, the team tracked the respiratory health of more than 44,000 Swedish men born between 1918 and 1952 and aged between 45 and 79 for 13 years up to the end of 2012.

The new findings have been published online in the journal Thorax.

(With IANS inputs)

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