Taliban seal off large parts of Kabul airport as airlift winds down, country stares at economic crisis
The Taliban have said commercial flights will resume after the US withdrawal, but it's unclear if airlines will be willing to offer service. They are also encouraging Afghans to stay in the country, pledging amnesty even to those who fought against them
- When the Taliban last governed Afghanistan, from 1996 until the US-led invasion in 2001, they imposed a harsh interpretation of Islamic law.
- This time around, the Taliban have promised of more moderate rule.
- Afghanistan is heavily dependent on international aid, which covered around 75% of the toppled Western-backed government's budget.
Kabul: The Taliban deployed extra forces around Kabul's airport on Saturday (August 28) to prevent large crowds from gathering after a devastating suicide attack two days earlier, as the massive US-led airlift wound down ahead of an August 31 deadline. New layers of checkpoints sprang up on roads leading to the airport, some manned by uniformed Taliban fighters with Humvees and night-vision goggles captured from Afghan security forces. Areas where large crowds of people have gathered over the past two weeks in hopes of fleeing the country following the Taliban takeover were largely empty.
A suicide attack on Thursday (August 26) by an Islamic State affiliate killed 169 Afghans and 13 US service members, and there are concerns that the group, which is far more radical than the Taliban, could strike again. Many Western nations have completed their evacuation operations ahead of Tuesday's deadline for the withdrawal of all US Forces.
An Afghan who had worked as a translator for the US Military said he was with a group of people with permission to leave who tried to reach the airport late on Auugust 27. After passing through three checkpoints they were stopped at a fourth. An argument ensued, and the Taliban said they had been told by the Americans to only let US passport-holders through. "I am so hopeless about my future," the man told The Associated Press after returning to Kabul, speaking on condition of anonymity because of security concerns. "If the evacuation is over, what will happen to us?"
On Saturday (August 28), the Taliban fired warning shots and deployed some kind of coloured smoke on a road leading to the airport, sending dozens of people scattering, according to a video circulating online that was consistent with AP reporting. More than 100,000 people have been safely evacuated through the Kabul airport, according to the US, but thousands more are struggling to leave and may not make it out by August 31.
In Kabul itself, hundreds of protesters, including many civil servants, gathered outside a bank while countless more lined up at cash machines. The protesters said had not been paid for the past three to six months and were unable to withdraw cash. ATM machines are still operating, but withdrawals are limited to around $200 every 24 hours. The economic crisis, which predates the Taliban takeover earlier this month, could give Western nations leverage as they urge Afghanistan's new rulers to form a moderate, inclusive government and allow people to leave after August 31.
Afghanistan is heavily dependent on international aid, which covered around 75% of the toppled Western-backed government's budget. The Taliban have said they want good relations with the international community and have promised a more moderate form of Islamic rule than when they last governed the country, but many Afghans are deeply skeptical.
The Taliban cannot access almost any of the central bank's $9 billion in reserves, most of which is held by the New York Federal Reserve. The International Monetary Fund has also suspended the transfer of some $450 million. Without a regular supply of US Dollars, the local currency is at risk of collapse, which could send the price of basic goods soaring.
A UN Agency meanwhile warned that a worsening drought threatens the livelihoods of more than 7 million people. The Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organization said Afghans are also suffering from the coronavirus pandemic and displacement from the recent fighting.
Earlier this month, the U.N. World Food Program estimated that some 14 million people "roughly one out of every three Afghans" urgently need food assistance. The FAO said that crucial help is needed ahead of the winter wheat planting season, which begins in a month in many areas. So far, funding would cover assistance to only 110,000 families of farmers, while some 1.5 million need help, the agency said, adding that the current harvest is expected to be 20% below last year's.
President Joe Biden has said he will adhere to a self-imposed August 31 deadline for withdrawing all US Forces. The Taliban, who control nearly the entire country outside Kabul's airport, have rejected any extension. Italy said its final evacuation flight had landed in Rome but that it would work with the United Nations and countries bordering Afghanistan to continue helping Afghans who had worked with its military contingent to leave the country.
"Our imperative must be to not abandon the Afghan people, especially women and children," Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio said on Saturday. He said 4,890 Afghans were evacuated by Italy's air force on 87 flights, but did not say how many others were still eligible.
The Taliban have encouraged Afghans to stay in the country, pledging amnesty even to those who fought against them. They have said commercial flights will resume after the US withdrawal, but it's unclear if airlines will be willing to offer service. The US and its allies have said they will continue providing humanitarian aid through the UN. And other partners, but any broader engagement "including development assistance" is likely to hinge on whether the Taliban deliver on their promises of more moderate rule.
When the Taliban last governed Afghanistan, from 1996 until the US-led invasion in 2001, they imposed a harsh interpretation of Islamic law. Women were largely confined to their homes, television and music were banned, and suspected criminals were maimed or executed in public.